By CARA ANNA, Associated Press Writer
Sun Nov 15, 4:25 am ET
BEIJING – Followers of an unapproved church in Beijing were again
forced by the government to find a new place to worship Sunday, a move
one analyst suggested would be a test for President Barack Obama on
religious freedom during his first visit to the country.
Worship in China, governed by the officially atheist Communist Party,
is allowed only in state-approved churches, but millions of people
belong to unregistered churches that often face official harassment.
Sunday’s banishment was the latest for the Shouwang church, one of the
largest underground churches in China with about 800 members. It was
forced to hold services in a park earlier this month after being
kicked out of a rented indoor area. Photos and a video posted on the
church’s Web site, which was later blocked, showed hundreds of members
gathered, holding snow-flecked umbrellas and Bibles.
On Sunday, police blocked church members again from meeting at the
park, and hundreds ended up at a performance hall elsewhere in the
District police referred questions to the Beijing public security
bureau, where calls rang unanswered Sunday. Calls to the State
Religious Affairs Bureau also went unanswered.
Another well-known underground church in Shanghai, Wanbang, also has
been told to close.
Harassing the two prominent unregistered churches is likely to
intimidate other smaller churches. Members of the Beijing church said
Sunday they have never experienced such harassment from authorities
Obama, who was to arrive in Shanghai later Sunday, will be closely
watched during his visit for signs he will speak out on human rights,
including religious freedom. Leaders of churches like Shouwang said if
Obama doesn’t speak up, the Chinese government will crack down even
“Sometimes before a major U.S. visit, Chinese authorities show
goodwill and release someone. But this time, it’s the opposite,” said
Yang Fenggang, director of the Center on Religion and Chinese Society
at Purdue University. “I tend to think this is a test case.”
Activists and others in China say the U.S. may not want to risk
angering China when it needs cooperation on issues such as climate
change and the financial crisis.
“I think so far President Obama has been the worst president in terms
of dealing with China’s human rights issue,” said Fan Yafeng, an
outspoken leader of another unregistered, or “house,” church in
He said the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences fired him Nov. 3 as a
research fellow at its Institute of Legal Studies for political
reasons, including his church activities.
“Human rights lawyers and house churches are two of the most important
powers in China’s civil society, but the president hasn’t made any
gesture to help them,” Fan said.
Obama touched briefly on human rights and China in a major Asia policy
speech in Japan on Saturday, but he did not mention specific issues.
The Obama administration’s stance has worried many since February,
when Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton said the U.S. would not
let human rights concerns interfere with cooperation with Beijing on
“The Obama administration’s total silence on this issue was seen as a
green light and certainly emboldens the Chinese government’s resolve
to carry out this sweep without worrying about international
consequences,” Bob Fu, founder of the U.S.-based Christian group China
Aid Association, said in an e-mail Saturday.